The European Commission
) is the executive branch
of the European Union
(EU). It operates as a cabinet government
, with 27 members of the Commission
(informally known as "Commissioners") headed by a President.
It includes an administrative body of about 32,000 European civil servants. The Commission is divided into departments known as Directorates-General
(DGs) that can be likened to departments or ministries
each headed by a Director-General who is responsible to a Commissioner. There is one member per member state
, but members are bound by their oath of office
to represent the general interest of the EU as a whole rather than their home state.
The Commission President
(currently Ursula von der Leyen
) is proposed by the European Council (the 27 heads of state) and elected by the European Parliament.
The Council of the European Union (informally known as the Council of Ministers) then nominates the other members of the Commission in agreement with the nominated President, and the 27 members as a team are then subject to a vote of approval by the European Parliament.
The current Commission is the Von der Leyen Commission
, which took office in December 2019, following the European Parliament elections in May of the same year